In Nova Scotia, Construction and Demolition (C&D) wastes must be disposed of properly. Guidelines have been developed and are administered by Nova Scotia Environment (see lists below).
Structural demolitions generate large amounts of material that can be reused or recycled. Rather than demolish an entire building, consider 'decontructing' all or part of a building. Deconstruction is the orderly dismantling of building components for reuse or recycling. In contrast to demolition, where buildings are knocked down and materials are co-mingled, deconstruction involves taking apart portions of a building or removing their contents with the primary goal being to reuse or recycle the materials.
Deconstruction saves money. Sorted construction wastes delivered to the Community Recycling Centre cost less per tonne for disposal.
Clean Wood: All brush and wood that is free of glue, paint, stain, wire and plastic. Customers are asked to remove spikes and pieces of metal fastened to wood which are longer than 6" or thicker than 1/2". Clean waste wood is ground up and burned as bio-fuel. Pieces of metal larger than 6" can damage the grinding equipment.
Painted Wood: Plywood, painted wood and wolmanized/pressure-treated wood. Creosote-treated wood is billed at a landfill rate.
Shingles: Asphalt shingles placed in the shingle pile must be free of house wrap, metal, wood and wire.
Metal: All metal items including fridges, freezers, de-humifiers, wire, plumbing fixtures, siding, doors, empty paint cans and window frames.
Refrigerant gases are drained from fridges, freezers and de-humidifiers free of charge at the Community Recycling Centre. Metal is accepted free of charge.
Other C&D items: wallboard,window panes, glass doors, toilets, sinks, bath tubs, fibreglass, blown-in and Styroforam insulation, vinyl siding, piping, carpeting, vinyl flooring and ceiling tiles.
C&D WASTE DISPOSAL GUIDELINES
Items which do not require disposal at an approved C&D Site:
- Rock (non-sulfide bearing)
- Concrete (free of reinforcing steel)
- Asphalt Pavement
- Porcelain/Ceramic material
- Trees, Brush, Limbs, Stumps, Root balls
- Milled Wood (free of adhesives, coating or preservatives)
Items which require disposal at an approved C&D Site:
- Creosote-treated timbers
- Pressure-treated wood
- Particle/chip board
- Built up glued wood sections
- Sawdust/wood chips
- Gypsum board (drywall)
- Structural metals
- Plastic/vinyl building materials
- Insulation (fibreglass/styrofoam)
- Built up roofing
- Carpeting, vinyl flooring & linoleum
- Ceiling tiles
- Wiring & nails
- Metal joiner, frames & structural components
- Lighting fixtures (no PCB ballasts, manufactured before 1980)
Items which require disposal at an approved Landfill, Recycling Depot, Hazardous Waste Depot:
- Banned landfill materials - recyclables, organics, paper, cardboard, boxboard, electronics*, tires, plastic bags and packaging
- Caulking tubes
- Paint cans with wet paint
- Metal (hot water tanks, stoves, fridges, etc)
- Furniture & mattresses
- Curtains and other textiles
- Air handling units
- Fuel tanks
- Large electrical components (capacitors, transformers, switching gear, monitor control centres)
- Hazardous Waste (businesses must contact a certified hazardous waste hauler. List of haulers.)
*The Lunenburg Regional Community Recycling Centre accepts electronics. List of accepted items. For more information, call (902) 543-2991.
The Community Recycling Centre does not accept wastes which contain asbestos. For disposal information, contact Nova Scotia Environment at (902) 543-4685.